The Changelings' mission is to pool their collective vision and their interdisciplinary resources to help answer the most challenging questions about abrupt climate change; to catalyze new research and field work in basic science by leveraging paleoclimate insights to inform and guide current climate science, and to empower and mentor the next generation of climate scientists.
In 1999, NOAA’s Global Change program convened a group of scientists charging them with looking into the causes and future implications of the large abrupt climate global changes which punctuated glacial time. The idea was to bring together both people versed in the operation of the Earth’s atmosphere and ocean and people versed in the records kept in polar ice, ocean sediments, and mountain moraines.
The first meeting of this group took place in March 1999. Subsequent meetings were held in places where the group could observe glacial deposits representing the Last Glacial Maximum, the Younger Dryas, and the Little Ice Age.
When NOAA’s sponsorship closed in 2004, Gary Comer offered to "adopt" the group by hosting its meetings.
Alley, R.B., N. Holschuh, D.R. MacAyeal, B.R. Parizek, L. Zoet, K. Riverman, A. Muto, K. Christianson, E. Clyne, S. Anandakrishnan, N. Stevens, GHOST Collaboration. 2021. Bedforms of Thwaites Glacier, West Antarctica: Character and origin. Journal of Geophysical Research—Earth Surface 126, e2021JF006339.
DeConto, R.M., D. Pollard, R.B. Alley, I. Velicogna, E. Gasson, N. Gomez, S. Sadai, A. Condron, D.M. Gilford, E.L. Ashe, R.E. Kopp, D. Li and A. Dutton. 2021. The Paris Climate Agreement and future sea-level rise from Antarctica. Nature 593, 83–89.
Melton, S.M., R.B. Alley, S. Anandakrishnan, B.R. Parizek, M.G. Shahin, L.A. Stearns, A.L. LeWinter and D.C. Finnegan. 2022. Meltwater drainage and iceberg calving observed in high spatial and temporal resolution at Helheim Glacier, Greenland. Journal of Glaciology 1-17.
Vargas Zeppetello, L.R., D.S. Battisti and M.B. Baker: The Physics of Heat Waves: Why Do Persistent, Extremely High Temperatures Occur Over Land? Revised, J. of Climate, Aug.
Abatzoglou, J.T., D.S. Battisti, A.P. Williams, W.D. Hansen, B.J. Harvey and C.A. Kolden: Continued increases in western US forest fire despite growing fuel constraints. Submitted, Nature Communications, July.
Multiple carbon cycle mechanisms associated with the glaciation of Marine Isotope Stage 4, Nature Communications
Abrupt changes in the global carbon cycle during the last glacial period, Nature Geoscience
The SP19 chronology for the South Pole Ice Core - Part 2: gas chronology, Δage, and smoothing of atmospheric records, Climate of the Past
Antarctic and global climate history viewed from ice cores, Nature
An 83,000-year-old ice core from Roosevelt Island, Ross Sea, Antarctica, Climate of the Past
Google Scholar Profile
Chiang, J.C.H., Kong, W., Wu, C.H. and Battisti, D.S., 2020. Origins of East Asian Summer Monsoon Seasonality. Journal of Climate, 33(18), pp.7945-7965.
Chiang, J.C., Herman, M.J., Yoshimura, K. and Fung, I.Y., 2020. Enriched East Asian oxygen isotope of precipitation indicates reduced summer seasonality in regional climate and westerlies. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
Lamy, F., Chiang, J.C., Martínez-Méndez, G., Thierens, M., Arz, H.W., Bosmans, J., Hebbeln, D., Lambert, F., Lembke-Jene, L. and Stuut, J.B., 2019. Precession modulation of the South Pacific westerly wind belt over the past million years. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 116(47), pp.23455-23460.
Detrital geochronology and lithologic signatures of Weddell Sea Embayment ice streams, Antarctica--Implications for subglacial geology and ice sheet history, The Geological Society of America
Latitudinal Migrations of the Subtropical Front at the Agulhas Plateau Through the Mid-Pleistocene Transition, Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology
Rapid Erosion of the central Transantarctic Mountains at the Eocene and Oligocene Transition: Evidence from skewed (U-Th)/He date distributions near Beardmore Glacier, Earth and Planetary Science Letters
Rock varnish record of the African Humid Period in Lake Turkana basin of East Africa, The Holocene
A large West Antarctic Ice Sheet explains early Neogene sea-level amplitude, Nature
Late Pleistocene Emergence of Crystalline Canadian Shield Sources in Sediments of the Northern Gulf of Mexico, Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology
Antarctic icebergs reorganize ocean circulation during Pleistocene glacials, Nature
Strong glacial-interglacial variability in upper ocean hydrodynamics, biogeochemistry, and productivity in the Southern Indian Ocean, Communications Earth & Environment
Plio-Pleistocene Continental Hydroclimate and Indian Ocean Sea Surface Temperatures at the Southeast African Margin, Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology
Indo-Pacific Walker circulation drove Pleistocene African aridification, Nature
Latitudinal Variance in the Drivers and Pacing of Warmth During Mid-Pleistocene MIS 31 in the Antarctic Zone of the Southern Ocean, Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology
Antiphased dust deposition and productivity in the Antarctic Zone over 1.5 million years, Nature Communications
An exciting paper from 2020: Vaks, A., Mason, A.J., Breitenbach, S.F.M. et al. Palaeoclimate evidence of vulnerable permafrost during times of low sea ice. Nature 577, 221–225 (2020).
And, getting a bit old now, but at the interface between my research and policy work: Greenhouse gas removal, The Royal Society, September, 2018.
Constraining calcification habitat using oxygen isotope measurements in tropical planktonic foraminiferal tests from surface sediments, Marine Micropaleontology
Central Equatorial Pacific Cooling During the Last Glacial Maximum, Geophysical Research Letters
Intermediate water circulation changes in the Florida Straits from a 35 ka record of Mg/Li-derived temperature and Cd/Ca-derived seawater cadmium, Earth and Planetary Science Letters
Temperature-dependent ocean–atmosphere equilibration of carbon isotopes in surface and intermediate waters over the deglaciation, Earth and Planetary Science Letters
Increasing Pleistocene permafrost persistence and carbon cycle conundrums inferred from Canadian speleothems, Science Advances
C.Y. Chen et al., 2020. U-Th dating of lake sediments: Lessons from the 700 kyr sediment record of Lake Junín, Peru. Quaternary Science Reviews 244, 106422.
D. McGee, 2020. Glacial-interglacial precipitation changes. Annual Review of Marine Science 12, 525-557.
C. Skonieczny et al., 2019. Monsoon-driven Saharan dust variability over the last 240,000 years. Science Advances 5, doi: 10.1126/sciadv.aav1887.
D. McGee et al., 2018. Western U.S. lake expansions during Heinrich stadials linked to Pacific Hadley circulation. Science Advances 4, doi: 10.1126/sciadv.aav0118.
Extensive evidence for a last interglacial Laurentide outburst (LILO) event, Geology
Kipp, L.E., McManus, J. F., and Kienast, M., Radioisotope constraints of deepwater export from the Arctic to the North Atlantic, Nature Communications, v. 12, no. 12021, 2021.
Zhou, Y., McManus, J. F., Jacobel, A. W., Costa, K. M., Wang, S., and Alvarez Caraveo, B., Enhanced iceberg discharge in the western North Atlantic during all Heinrich events of the last glaciation, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 564, p. 116910, 2021.
Brovkin, V., Brook, E., Williams, J. W., Bathiany, S., Lenton, T. M., Barton, M., DeConto, R. M., Donges, J. F., Ganopolski, A., McManus, J., Praetorius, S., de Vernal, A., Abe-Ouchi, A., Cheng, H., Claussen, M., Crucifix, M., Gallopín, G., Iglesias, V., Kaufman, D. S., Kleinen, T., Lambert, F., van der Leeuw, S., Liddy, H., Loutre, M.-F., McGee, D., Rehfeld, K., Rhodes, R., Seddon, A. W. R., Trauth, M. H., Vanderveken, L., and Yu, Z., 2021, Past abrupt changes, tipping points and cascading impacts in the Earth system, Nature Geoscience, v. 14, no. 8, p. 550-558, 2021.
Productivity and sediment focusing in the Eastern Equatorial Pacific during the last 30,000 years, Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers
Last glacial atmospheric CO2 decline due to widespread Pacific deep-water expansion, Nature Geoscience
230Th/U Isochron Dating of Cryogenic Cave Carbonates, Geochronology Discuss. [preprint], https://doi.org/10.5194/gchron-2022-10, in review, 2022.
Lagrangian detection of precipitation moisture sources for an arid region in northeast Greenland: relations to the North Atlantic Oscillation, sea ice cover, and temporal trends from 1979 to 2017, Weather Clim. Dynam., 2, 1–17.
Speleothem record of mild and wet mid-Pleistocene climate in northeast Greenland, Science Advances
Cave and Karst Science, British Cave Research Association
Strand, Putnam, et al., 2022. "A 10Be moraine chronology of the Last Glaciation and Termination at 49°N in the Mongolian Altai of Central Asia"
Denton et al., 2021. "The Zealandia Switch: Ice age climate shifts viewed from Southern Hemisphere moraines"
Putnam and Broecker, 2017. Human-induced changes in the distribution of rainfall: Science Advances
Putnam et al., 2018. 10Be calibration from Rannoch Moor, Scotland: Quaternary Geochronology
Repeated species radiations in the recent evolution of the key marine phytoplankton lineage Gephyrocapsa, Nature
The origin of carbon isotope vital effects in coccolith calcite, Nature
Susceptibility of algae to Cr toxicity reveals contrasting metal management strategies, Association for the Sciences of Limnology and Oceanography